What Is Inorganic Gallium ?

Introduction

Gallium is a chemical element with symbol Ga and atomic number 31.
Gallium
History

In 1871 the existence of gallium was first predicted by Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev, who named it "eka-aluminium" from its position in his periodic table.
Dmitri Mendeleev
In 1875 was found in spectroscopic discovered by French chemist Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran and lecoq succeeded in obtaining gallium pure by electrolysis gallium hydroxide (Ga(OH)³)
Paul Emile Lecoq
Properties of Gallium

Physical Properties:
Properties of Gallium
Chemical Properties:
Properties of Gallium
Source

Gallium is not found in the form elements on the Earth, but is found in minerals and ores in the Earth's crust.

Diaspora (α-AlO(OH))
 Diaspora (α-AlO(OH))
Coal (C₁₃₇H₉₇O₉NS)
Coal (C₁₃₇H₉₇O₉NS)
Coal (C₁₃₇H₉₇O₉NS)
Coal (C₁₃₇H₉₇O₉NS)
Sphalerite (Zn, Fe)S
Sphalerite (Zn, Fe)S
How get the pure Gallium
  • Pure gallium metal by electrolysis current through a gallium compound, such as gallium oxide (Ga₂O₃).
  • Commercially, most gallium is extracted as a by product of aluminum and zinc production.
  • Gallium is also extracted from the flue dusts of coal.
The Compound

Ga
  • N: Gallium nitride
  • Cl₂: Gallium (II) chloride
  • O: Gallium oxide
  • Br₃: Gallium tribromide
  • F₃: Gallium trifluoride
  • S: Gallium sulphide
Reactions
  • The reaction of gallium with acid
Ga₂O₃ + 6 H⁺ → 2 Ga³⁺ + 3 H₂O
Ga (OH)₃ + 3 H­­⁺ → Ga³⁺ + 3 H₂O
  • The reaction of gallium with base
Ga₂O₃ + 2 OH⁻ → 2 Ga(OH)₄­­⁻
Ga (OH)₃ + OH⁻ → Ga(OH)₄­­⁻
  • The reaction of gallium with halogen
2 Ga³⁺  + 3 F₂ → 2 GaF₃

Applications
  • Gallium as minerals and vitamins in the human body
  • Gallium arsenide is used to make laser diodes that produce light from electricity
  • Gallium is used to create an LED a bright blue
  • Create brilliant mirrors
  • As the mixture for nuclear weaponse
  • Gallium-67 used for tumor imaging and localisation of inflammatory lesions (infections)
  • Gallium-68 positron emitter used in PET and PET-CT unit derived from germanium-68 in the generator.
Gallium-68 positron emitter used in PET and PET-CT unit derived from germanium-68 in the generator. PET to analyze cancer.

The uniques of Gallium
  • Gallium is also dubbed as the "heart beat“
  • Gallium can melts in the hand
  • Gallium can soften and destroy the structure of the cans
  • Gallium is capable of attacking other metals, Example: Aluminum
Gallium

Gallium
References
  • W. M. Haynes, ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press/Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, FL, 95th Edition, Internet Version 2015, accessed December 2014.
  • John Emsley, Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements, Oxford University Press, New York, 2nd Edition, 2011.
  • Boca Raton, FL, 95th Edition, Internet Version 2015, accessed December 2014. Tables of Physical & Chemical Constants, Kaye & Laby Online, 16th edition, 1995. Version 1.0
  • T. L. Cottrell, The Strengths of Chemical Bonds, Butterworth, London, 1954.
  • Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility - Office of Science Education, It’s Elemental - The Periodic Table of Elements, accessed December 2014.
*Sumber: Poppy Dwita
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